Månadsvis arkiv: March 2018
今天Fanessay分享一篇assignment范文–Different views of women，本篇文章讲述的内容是关于女性观方面的，可以供大家了解下。相信大家都知道，在过去的时代，不管是中国或者是西方，女性的地位一直都是处于劣势的，是属于弱势群体。中国女性在传统的观念中营造了属于自己的空间，所以女性的解放活动便得到男性的支持，这也让女性权利得到了保障。在西方国家，女性是会被排除在父权制社会下的，是沉默的，而也在这个压抑的氛围中，西方女性开始爆发了，便出现先后的自由女权主义、马克思女权主义、激进女权和生态女权主义等这些影响较大额度社会思潮了。
Ancient China has a long history of Matrilineal clan, one of the “mother” headed, “female” mainly. Nu WA, the legend of Xiwangmu all the ancient primitive matriarchal society in the goddess worship phenomenon. The Ancients “from Girls” for the surname, this custom has been followed to the Warring States, and the respect and worship of the mother has always been the traditional Chinese Confucian values, such as filial piety is the respect of the mother. The theory of Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism has a great influence on the development of women in traditional China, but its cognition level is not completely unified. Confucianism requires women to sancongside, in the family husband can abandon his wife, the promotion of “women are not only is de”, “tianzun, inferior to men” through these doctrines and the training, for women put on a heavy life shackles. Taoism believes that the relationship between people is like the “Yin and yang” of the world, which is constantly replaced rather than absolute opposition. Thus, Chinese thinkers have not found a consistent and persuasive theoretical source for themselves.
In the Western Bible, “God created the male Adam, and the woman Eve was just the rib of Adam.” When a woman commits the sin of eating the fruit of wisdom, I will increase the pain of your pregnancy. You will love your husband, your husband will govern you, Aristotle also thought that “men are born rich, women are born low”, Rousseau said, “No woman, man still exist, no man, woman existence is a problem”, the German philosopher Schopenhauer even said ” A woman in nature means obedience, and every woman in a completely independent, unnatural position is directly attached to a man to accept his domination and domination. It can be seen that Western religion has a great influence on women, from God to philosophers to belittle contempt for women.
China stresses “yin and yang harmony”, women can create their own space in the traditional concept. In China, women’s efforts to liberate themselves are supported by some men, Chen Duxiu, Hu Shi, Lu Xun and other “May Fourth” movement pioneers to put forward and protect women’s rights, Mao Zedong is put forward “men and women each top half the sky”, in the law, men and women are fully equal, and because of this, China has not been a frequent upsurge of women’s rights movement.
In the West, women are excluded from the patriarchal society, is a silent group, in the atmosphere of repression, Western women eventually broke out. The Declaration of Women’s Rights was published, mature feminist literary theory such as Bo-Fu’s “Second Sex”, feminism, such as the elimination of Walter, feminist thinking sharp, aggressive action, has emerged in the free feminism, radical feminism, Marxist feminism, ecological feminism and other social trends of great influence.
Now China’s awakening in this regard through the media such as television and other women’s status to recognize, and the spread of a wide range of influence is beyond the reach of books. For example, some time ago hit the “Battle of marriage”, the male outside the female master thought has been completely overturned, art from life, Zhaobaogang Director’s inspiration is not suddenly, this is the life inside. Just because there is such a mass basis, it will cause so many resonance, which from the side also shows that Chinese women desire equality and long ago in practice to achieve the status quo of equality, down to the civilian government, Chinese women in the struggle for equality has achieved brilliant results. The introduction of the family planning policy, but also to let women have a deeper recognition of the masses; The difference between men and women today also makes people want to focus on a small group of women.
Throughout the history of Western entertainment, with the United States as the symbol of Hollywood is the leading industry, the annual output of large quantities of film are overwhelmed. Popular films such as Zorro and Tom Cruise’s spy War series, all filled with male charm, men all show their lofty status, they became the only person to save the world, women just as the most insignificant green leaves, and even men on the way forward stumbling block, This inequity or even discrimination has long been the majority of the crowd. To get ahead in Hollywood, male identity is a good ticket. It has a profound historical origins even in the continuation of the tradition, it is no wonder that the western feminist movement in this vigorous development, its vigorous development behind also shows that the western capitalist system of democracy under the more Dahua, the early awakening of women in the struggle for rights on the road to achieve more and more achievements. Western women are different from Chinese women’s forbearance, they are more daring to express themselves and more adept at highlighting themselves, their own situation is more fierce rebound than Chinese women, on the one hand, because of the east and west of women’s original attitude, on the one hand from the female’s own attitude. Women in two different systems have many different ways of gaining power.
It can be foreseen that in the near future, women will become a gender equality, and will be recognized by men and society as a whole; it can also be imagined that the Western women will be able to achieve greater Chinese women can not reach the strength of the western feminist movement will also be to a greater extent to stimulate the awakening of Chinese women. But we should also be conscious of the different nature of the East-West society, do not blindly agree with the pursuit of Chinese characteristics of the feminist road is the Chinese people, both men and women should be aware of the problem.
China under the socialist system, since the beginning of traditional Confucianism to speak of “harmony”, even if the struggle to find a balance, and the capitalist system in the West, stress more is the ego personality, make radical behavior inevitable. Men and women are different, but they are the same in the pursuit of self happiness and self-worth. As Kristeva, there is no emphasis on absolute male-female antagonism, but on diversity. More attention to individual uniqueness, against the collective and common to individual and personality repression. A more tolerant, more open, let this more and more inclusive society, let women find their own position!